Publications Journal Publications


Popular Press | Technical Reviews & Tutorials | Journal Publications | Thesis


  1. Warren Fon, Matthew H. Matheny, Jarvis Li, Lev Krayzman, Michael C. Cross, Raissa M. D’Souza, James P. Crutchfield, and Michael L. Roukes, Complex Dynamical Networks Constructed with Fully Controllable Nonlinear Nanomechanical Oscillators. Nano Letters 17(10), 5977–5983 (2017), doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02026.

  2. Eran Segev, Jacob Reimer, Laurent C. Moreaux, Trevor M. Fowler, Derrick Chi, Wesley D. Sacher, Maisie Lo, Karl Deisseroth, Andreas S. Tolias, Andrei Faraon, Michael L. Roukes, Patterned Photostimulation via Visible-Wavelength Photonic Probes for Deep Brain Optogenetics. Neurophotonics 4(1), 011002 (2017), doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.4.1.011002. Press release (by the journal).

  3. Juan Atalaya, Thomas W. Kenny, M.L. Roukes, and M.I. Dykman, Nonlinear Damping and Dephasing in Nanomechanical Systems. Physical Review B 94, 195440 (2016). DOI:

  4. Marc Sansa, Eric Sage, Elizabeth C. Bullard, Marc Gély1, Thomas Alava, Eric Colinet, Akshay K. Naik, Luis Guillermo Villanueva, Laurent Duraffourg, Michael L. Roukes, Guillaume Jourdan, and Sébastien Hentz, Frequency Fluctuations in Silicon Nanoresonators. Nature Nanotechnology 11, 552-557 (2016). Supplementary Information

  5. Gustavo Rios, Evgueniy V. Lubenov, Derrick Chi, Michael L. Roukes, and Athanassios G. Siapas, Nanofabricated Neural Probes for Dense 3-D Recordings of Brain Activity. Nano Letters 16 (11), pp 6857–6862
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02673.

  6. Alivisatos A.P., Chun M., Church G.M., Greenspan R.J., Roukes M.L., Yuste R., A National Network of Neurotechnology Centers for the BRAIN Initiative. Neuron, online, 15 October 2015. DOI:

  7. M.S. Hanay, S.I. Kelber, C.D. O'Connell, P. Mulvaney, J.E. Sader, and M.L. Roukes, Inertial Imaging with Nanomechanical Systems. Nature Nanotechnology online, 30 March 2015. Supplementary Information

  8. E. Sage, A. Brenac, T. Alava, R. Morel, C. Dupre, M.S. Hanay, M.L. Roukes, L. Duraffourg, C. Masselon, and S. Hentz, Neutral particle mass spectrometry with nanomechanical systems. Nature Communications online, 10 March 2015. Supplementary Information

  9. Heather C. McCaig, Ed Myers, Nathan S. Lewis, and Michael L. Roukes, Vapor Sensing Characteristics of Nanoelectromechanical Chemical Sensors Functionalized Using Surface-Initiated Polymerization. Nano Letters 14, 3728 (2014).
    Supplementary Information

  10. Elizabeth C. Bullard, Jianchang Li, Charles R. Lilley, Paul Mulvaney, Michael L. Roukes, and John E. Sader, Dynamic Similarity of Oscillatory Flows Induced by Nanomechanical Resonators. Physical Review Letters 112, 015501 (2014).
    Supplementary Information

  11. Matthew H. Matheny, Matt Grau, Luis G. Villanueva, Rassul B. Karabalin M.C. Cross, and Michael L. Roukes, Phase Synchronization of Two Anharmonic Nanomechanical Oscillators. Physical Review Letters 112, 014101 (2014).
    Supplementary Information

  12. Villanueva L.G., Kenig E., Karabalin R.B., Matheny M.H., Lifshitz R., Cross M.C., Roukes M.L., Surpassing Fundamental Limits of Oscillators Using Nonlinear Resonators. Physical Review Letters 110, 177208 (2013).
    Supplementary Information

  13. Alivisatos A.P., Roukes, M.L., et al., Nanotools for Neuroscience and Brain Activity Mapping ACS Nano 7, 1850-1866 (2013).

  14. Alivisatos A.P., Chun M., Church G.M., Deisseroth K., Donoughe J.P., Greenspan R.J., McEuen P.L., Roukes M.L., Sejnowski T.J., Weiss P.S., Yuste R., The Brain Activity Map. Science 339, 1284-5 (2013).

  15. Matheny M., Villanueva L.G., Karabalin R.B., Sader J.E., Roukes M.L., Nonlinear mode-coupling in nanomechanical systems. Nano Letters 13(4), 1622-6 (2013).
    Supplementary Information

  16. Zhang X.C., Myers E.B., Sader J.E., Roukes M.L., Nanomechanical torsional resonators for frequency-shift infrared thermal sensing. Nano Letters 13(4), 1528-34 (2013). Supplementary Information

  17. Villanueva L.G., Karabalin R.B., Matheny M.H., Chi D., Sader J.E., Roukes M.L., Nonlinearity in nanomechanical cantilevers. Physical Review B 87(2), 024304 (2013).

  18. Kenig E., Cross M.C., Villanueva L.G., Karabalin R.B., Matheny M.H., Lifshitz R., Roukes, M.L., Optimal operating points of oscillators using nonlinear resonatorsPhysical Review E 86, 056207 (2012).

  19. Hanay M.S., Kelber S., Naik A.K., Chi D., Hentz S., Bullard, E.C., Colinet E., Duraffourg L., Roukes M.L., Single-protein nanomechanical mass spectrometry in real time. Nature Nanotechnology 7(9), 602-8 (2012). Supplementary Information News Press release

  20. Alivisatos A.P., Chun M., Church G.M., Greenspan R.J., Roukes M.L., Yuste R., The Brain Activity Map project and the challenge of functional connectomics. Neuron 74, 970-4 (2012). News

  21. Kenig E., Cross M.C., Lifshitz R., Karabalin R.B., Villanueva L.G., Matheny M.H., Roukes M.L., Passive Phase Noise Cancellation Scheme. Physical Review Letters 108, 264102 (2012).

  22. Karabalin R.B., Villanueva L.G., Matheny M.H., Sader J.E., Roukes M.L., Stress-Induced Variations in the Stiffness of Micro- and Nanocantilever Beams. Physical Review Letters 108, 236101 (2012). Supplementary Information

  23. Bargatin I., Myers E. B., Aldridge J. S., Marcoux C., Brianceau P., Duraffourg L., Colinet E., Hentz S., Andreucci P., Roukes, M. L., Large-Scale Integration of Nanoelectromechanical Systems for Gas Sensing Applications. Nano Letters 12(3), 1269-74 (2012). Supplementary Information

  24. Villanueva L.G., Karabalin R.B., Matheny M.H., Kenig E., Cross M.C., Roukes M.L., A Nanoscale Parametric Feedback Oscillator. Nano Letters 11(11), 5054-9 (2011). Supplementary Information

  25. Ivaldi P, Abergel J, Matheny M.H., Villanueva L.G., Karabalin R.G., Roukes M.L., Andreucci P., Hentz S., Defa˙ E., 50 nm thick AlN film-based piezoelectric cantilevers for gravimetric detection. Micromechanics and Microengineering 21, 085023 (2011).

  26. Maizelis Z.A., Roukes M.L., Dykman M.I., Detecting and Characterizing Frequency Fluctuations of Vibrational Modes. Physical Review B 84, 144301 (2011).

  27. Arlett J.L., Myers E.B., Roukes M.L., Comparative advantages of mechanical biosensors. Nature Nanotechnology 6(4), 203-15 (2011).

  28. Karabalin R.B., Lifshitz R., Cross M.C., Matheny M.H., Masmanidis S.C., Roukes M.L., Signal amplification by sensitive control of bifurcation topology. Physical Review Letters 106, 094-102 (2011). Supplementary Information Viewpoint

  29. Yang Y.T., Callegari C., Feng X.L., Roukes M.L., Surface adsorbate fluctuations and noise in nanoelectromechanical systems. Nano Letters 11(4), 1753-9 (2011).

  30. Karabalin R.B., Masmanidis S.C., Roukes M.L., Efficient parametric amplification in high and very high frequency piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical systems. Applied Physics Letters 97 (2010).

  31. Arlett J.L., Roukes M.L., Ultimate and practical limits of fluid based mass detection with suspended microchannel resonators. Journal of Applied Physics 108 (8), 84701-11 (2010).

  32. Suh J., LaHaye M.D., Echternach P.M., Schwab K.C., Roukes M.L., Parametric amplification and back-action noise squeezing by a qubit-coupled nanoresonator. Nano Letters 10(10), 3990-4 (2010).

  33. Li M., Myers E.B., Tang H.X., Aldridge S.J., McCaig H.C., Whiting J.J., Simonson R.J., Lewis N.S., Roukes M.L., Nanoelectromechanical resonator arrays for ultrafast, gas-phase chromatographic chemical analysis. Nano Letters 10(10), 3899-903

  34. Feng X.L., Matheny M.H., Zorman C.A., Mehregany M., Roukes M.L., Low voltage nanoelectromechanical switches based on silicon carbide nanowires. Nano Letters 10(8), 2891-6 (2010).
  35. Sadek A.S., Karabalin R.B., Du J., Roukes M.L., Koch C., Masmanidis S.C., Wiring nanoscale biosensors with piezoelectric nanomechanical resonators. Nano Letters 10(5), 1769-73 (2010).

  36. Karabalin R.B., Feng XL, Roukes ML., Parametric nanomechanical amplification at very high frequency. Nano Letters 9(9), 116-23 (2009).

  37. Karabalin, R. B., Matheny, M. H., Feng, X. L., Defa˙, E., Le-Rhun, G., Marcoux, C., Hentz, S., Andreucci, P., Roukes, M. L. Piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical resonators based on aluminum nitride thin films. Applied Physics Letters, 95 (10) (2009)

  38. Lee W., Fon W., Axelrod B.W., Roukes M.L., High-sensitivity microfluidic calorimeters for biological and chemical applications, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 106(36), 15225-30 (2009)

  39. Du, J., Roukes, M.L., and Masmanidis, S. C. Dual-side and three-dimensional microelectrode arrays fabricated from ultra-thin silicon substrates. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 19 (2009)

  40. Naik, A. K. , Hanay, M. S. , Hiebert, W. K., Feng, X. L., and Roukes, M. L., Towards single-molecule nanomechanical mass spectrometry. Nature Nanotechnology 4, 445-449 (2009). Supplementary Information

  41. LaHaye, M. D., Suh, J. , Echternach, P. M., Schwab, K. C., and Roukes, M. L., Nanomechanical measurements of a superconducting qubit. Nature 459, 960-964 (2009).

  42. Karabalin, R.B., Cross, M.C., & Roukes, M.L., Nonlinear dynamics and chaos in two coupled nanomechanical resonators. Physical Review B 79 (2009).

  43. Du, J.G. et al., High-Resolution Three-Dimensional Extracellular Recording of Neuronal Activity With Microfabricated Electrode Arrays. Journal of Neurophysiology 101, 1671-1678 (2009).

  44. He, R.R., Feng, X.L., Roukes, M.L., & Yang, P.D., Self-transducing silicon nanowire electromechanical systems at room temperature. Nano Letters 8, 1756-1761 (2008).

  45. Feng, X.L., White, C.J., Hajimiri, A., & Roukes, M.L., A self-sustaining ultrahigh-frequency nanoelectromechanical oscillator. Nature Nanotechnology 3, 342-346 (2008).

  46. Tang, H. & Roukes, M.L., Magnetotransport and magnetocrystalline anisotropy in Ga1-xMnxAs epilayers. Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter 19 (2007).

  47. Masmanidis, S.C. et al., Multifunctional nanomechanical systems via tunably coupled piezoelectric actuation. Science 317, 780-783 (2007).

  48. Li, M., Tang, H.X., & Roukes, M.L., Ultra-sensitive NEMS-based cantilevers for sensing, scanned probe and very high-frequency applications. Nature Nanotechnology 2, 114-120 (2007).

  49. Kozinsky, I., Postma, H.W.C., Kogan, O., Husain, A., & Roukes, M.L., Basins of attraction of a nonlinear nanomechanical resonator. Physical Review Letters 99 (2007).

  50. Honolka, J., Masmanidis, S., Tang, H.X., Awschalom, D.D., & Roukes, M.L., Magnetotransport properties of strained Ga0.95Mn0.05As epilayers close to the metal-insulator transition: Description using Aronov-Altshuler three-dimensional scaling theory. Physical Review B 75 (2007).

  51. Feng, X.L., He, R.R., Yang, P.D., & Roukes, M.L., Very high frequency silicon nanowire electromechanical resonators. Nano Letters 7, 1953-1959 (2007).

  52. Bargatin, I., Kozinsky, I., & Roukes, M.L., Efficient electrothermal actuation of multiple modes of high-frequency nanoelectromechanical resonators. Applied Physics Letters 90 (2007).

  53. Yang, Y.T., Callegari, C., Feng, X.L., Ekinci, K.L., & Roukes, M.L., Zeptogram-scale nanomechanical mass sensing. Nano Letters 6, 583-586 (2006).

  54. Wigen, P.E., Roukes, M.L., & Hammel, P.C., Ferromagnetic resonance force microscopy in Spin Dynamics in Confined Magnetic Structures Iii (2006), Vol. 101, pp. 105-136.

  55. Urban, R. et al., Perturbation of magnetostatic modes observed by ferromagnetic resonance force microscopy. Physical Review B 73 (2006).

  56. Tang, H.X., Kawakami, R.K., Awschalom, D.D., & Roukes, M.L., Propagation dynamics of individual domain walls in Ga1-xMnxAs microdevices. Physical Review B 74 (2006).

  57. Roukes, M.,Quantum physics - Observing and the observed. Nature 443, 154-155 (2006).

  58. Kozinsky, I., Postma, H.W.C., Bargatin, I., & Roukes, M.L., Tuning nonlinearity, dynamic range, and frequency of nanomechanical resonators. Applied Physics Letters 88 (2006).

  59. Canaria, C.A. et al., Formation and removal of alkylthiolate self-assembled monolayers on gold in aqueous solutions. Lab on a Chip 6, 289-295 (2006).

  60. Arlett, J.L., Maloney, J.R., Gudlewski, B., Muluneh, M., & Roukes, M.L., Self-sensing micro- and nanocantilevers with attonewton-scale force resolution. Nano Letters 6, 1000-1006 (2006).

  61. Schwab, K.C. & Roukes, M.L., Putting mechanics into quantum mechanics. Physics Today 58, 36-42 (2005).

  62. Schwab, K.C. et al., Comment on "Evidence for quantized displacement in macroscopic nanomechanical oscillators". Physical Review Letters 95 (2005).

  63. Postma, H.W.C., Kozinsky, I., Husain, A., & Roukes, M.L., Dynamic range of nanotube- and nanowire-based electromechanical systems. Applied Physics Letters 86 (2005).

  64. Masmanidis, S.C. et al., Nanomechanical measurement of magnetostriction and magnetic anisotropy in (Ga,Mn)As. Physical Review Letters 95 (2005).

  65. Huang, X.M.H., Feng, X.L., Zorman, C.A., Mehregany, M., & Roukes, M.L., VHF, UHF and microwave frequency nanomechanical resonators. New Journal of Physics 7 (2005).

  66. Honolka, J., Masmanidis, S., Tang, H.X., Roukes, M.L., & Awschalom, D.D., Domain-wall dynamics at micropatterned constrictions in ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)As epilayers. Journal of Applied Physics 97 (2005).

  67. Fon, W.C., Schwab, K.C., Worlock, J.M., & Roukes, M.L., Nanoscale, phonon-coupled calorimetry with sub-attojoule/Kelvin resolution. Nano Letters 5, 1968-1971 (2005).

  68. Ekinci, K.L. & Roukes, M.L., Nanoelectromechanical systems. Review of Scientific Instruments 76 (2005).

  69. Bargatin, I., Myers, E.B., Arlett, J., Gudlewski, B., & Roukes, M.L., Sensitive detection of nanomechanical motion using piezoresistive signal downmixing. Applied Physics Letters 86 (2005).

  70. Tang, H.X. & Roukes, M.L., Electrical transport across an individual magnetic domain wall in (Ga,Mn)As microdevices. Physical Review B 70 (2004).

  71. Tang, H.X., Masmanidis, S., Kawakami, R.K., Awschalom, D.D., & Roukes, M.L., Negative intrinsic resistivity of an individual domain wall in epitaxial (Ga,Mn)As microdevices. Nature 431, 52-56 (2004).

  72. Santamore, D.H., Goan, H.S., Milburn, G.J., & Roukes, M.L., Anharmonic effects on a phonon-number measurement of a quantum-mesoscopic-mechanical oscillator. Physical Review A 70 (2004).

  73. Ekinci, K.L., Yang, Y.T., & Roukes, M.L., Ultimate limits to inertial mass sensing based upon nanoelectromechanical systems. Journal of Applied Physics 95, 2682-2689 (2004).

  74. Ekinci, K.L., Huang, X.M.H., & Roukes, M.L., Ultrasensitive nanoelectromechanical mass detection. Applied Physics Letters 84, 4469-4471 (2004).

  75. Worlock, J.M. & Roukes, M.L., Applied physics - Son et lumiere. Nature 421, 802-803 (2003).

  76. Tang, H.X., Kawakami, R.K., Awschalom, D.D., & Roukes, M.L., Giant planar Hall effect in epitaxial (Ga,Mn)As devices. Physical Review Letters 90 (2003).

  77. Husain, A. et al., Nanowire-based very-high-frequency electromechanical resonator. Applied Physics Letters 83, 1240-1242 (2003).

  78. Huang, X.M.H., Zorman, C.A., Mehregany, M., & Roukes, M.L., Nanodevice motion at microwave frequencies. Nature 421, 496-496 (2003).

  79. Hammel, P.C. et al., The magnetic-resonance force microscope: A new tool for high-resolution, 3-D, subsurface scanned probe imaging. Proceedings of the IEEE 91, 789-798 (2003).

  80. Bargatin, I. & Roukes, M.L., Nanomechanical analog of a laser: Amplification of mechanical oscillations by stimulated Zeeman transitions. Physical Review Letters 91 (2003).

  81. Tang, H.X., Huang, X.M.H., Roukes, M.L., Bichler, M., & Wegscheider, W., Two-dimensional electron-gas actuation and transduction for GaAs nanoelectromechanical systems. Applied Physics Letters 81, 3879-3881 (2002).

  82. Suter, A., Pelekhov, D.V., Roukes, M.L., & Hammel, P.C., Probe-sample coupling in the magnetic resonance force microscope. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 154, 210-227 (2002).

  83. Mohanty, P. et al., Intrinsic dissipation in high-frequency micromechanical resonators. Physical Review B 66 (2002).

  84. Fon, W., Schwab, K.C., Worlock, J.M., & Roukes, M.L., Phonon scattering mechanisms in suspended nanostructures from 4 to 40 K. Physical Review B 66 (2002).

  85. Ekinci, K.L., Yang, Y.T., Huang, X.M.H., & Roukes, M.L., Balanced electronic detection of displacement in nanoelectromechanical systems. Applied Physics Letters 81, 2253-2255 (2002).

  86. Cleland, A.N. & Roukes, M.L., Noise processes in nanomechanical resonators. Journal of Applied Physics 92, 2758-2769 (2002).

  87. Buks, E. & Roukes, M.L., Quantum physics: Casimir force changes sign. Nature 419, 119-120 (2002).

  88. Buks, E. & Roukes, M.L., Electrically tunable collective response in a coupled micromechanical array. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 11, 802-807 (2002).

  89. Yang, Y.T. et al., Monocrystalline silicon carbide nanoelectromechanical systems. Applied Physics Letters 78, 162-164 (2001).

  90. Wolf, S.A. et al., Spintronics: A spin-based electronics vision for the future. Science 294, 1488-1495 (2001).

  91. Roukes, M.L., Electronics in a spin. Nature 411, 747-748 (2001).

  92. Roukes, M., Nanoelectromechanical systems face the future. Physics World 14, 25-31 (2001).

  93. Roukes, M., Plenty of room indeed - There is plenty of room for practical innovation at the nanoscale. But first, scientists have to understand the unique physics that governs matter there. Scientific American 285, 48-+ (2001).

  94. Buks, E. & Roukes, M.L., Stiction, adhesion energy, and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems. Physical Review B 63, art. no.-033402 (2001).

  95. Buks, E. & Roukes, M.L., Metastability and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems. Europhysics Letters 54, 220-226 (2001).

  96. Tang, H.X., Monzon, F.G., Lifshitz, R., Cross, M.C., & Roukes, M.L., Ballistic spin transport in a two-dimensional electron gas. Physical Review B 61, 4437-4440 (2000).

  97. Schwab, K., Henriksen, E.A., Worlock, J.M., & Roukes, M.L., Measurement of the quantum of thermal conductance. Nature 404, 974-977 (2000).

  98. Monzon, F.G., Tang, H.X., & Roukes, M.L., Magnetoelectronic phenomena at a ferromagnet-semiconductor interface. Physical Review Letters 84, 5022-5022 (2000).

  99. Lifshitz, R. & Roukes, M.L., Thermoelastic damping in micro- and nanomechanical systems. Physical Review B 61, 5600-5609 (2000).

  100. Blick, R.H. et al., Magnetotransport measurements on freely suspended two-dimensional electron gases. Physical Review B 62, 17103-17107 (2000).

  101. Roukes, M.L., Yoctocalorimetry: Phonon counting in nanostructures. Physica B 263-264, 1-15 (1999). Plenary Lecture: Ninth International Conference on Phonon Scattering in Condensed Matter / Lancaster UK, 7/27/98.

  102. Monzon, F.G., Patterson, D.S., & Roukes, M.L., Characterization of individual nanomagnets by the local Hall effect. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 195, 19-25 (1999).

  103. Cleland, A.N. & Roukes, M.L., External control of dissipation in a nanometer-scale radiofrequency mechanical resonator. Sensors and Actuators a-Physical 72, 256-261 (1999).

  104. Zhang, Z., Hammel, P.C., Midzor, M., Roukes, M.L., & Childress, J.R., Ferromagnetic resonance force microscopy on microscopic cobalt single layer filmsApplied Physics Letters 73, 2036-2038 (1998).

  105. Cleland, A.N. & Roukes, M.L., A nanometre-scale mechanical electrometer. Nature 392, 160-162 (1998).

  106. Angelescu, D.E., Cross, M.C., & Roukes, M.L., Heat transport in mesoscopic systems. Superlattices and Microstructures 23, 673-689 (1998).

  107. Tighe, T.S., Worlock, J.M., & Roukes, M.L., Direct thermal conductance measurements on suspended monocrystalline nanostructures. Applied Physics Letters 70, 2687-2689 (1997).

  108. Monzon, F.G., Johnson, M., & Roukes, M.L., Strong Hall voltage modulation in hybrid ferromagnet/semiconductor microstructure. Applied Physics Letters 71, 3087-3089 (1997).

  109. Zhang, Z., Roukes, M.L., & Hammel, P.C., Sensitivity and spatial resolution for electron-spin-resonance detection by magnetic resonance force microscopy. Journal of Applied Physics 80, 6931-6938 (1996).

  110. Yurke, B., Roukes, M.L., Movshovich, R., & Pargellis, A.N., A low-noise series-array Josephson junction parametric amplifier. Applied Physics Letters 69, 3078-3080 (1996).

  111. Cleland, A.N. & Roukes, M.L., Fabrication of high frequency nanometer scale mechanical resonators from bulk Si crystals. Applied Physics Letters 69, 2653-2655 (1996).

  112. Schwabe, N.F., Cleland, A.N., Cross, M.C., & Roukes, M.L., PERTURBATION OF TUNNELING PROCESSES BY MECHANICAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN MESOSCOPIC JUNCTIONS. Physical Review B 52, 12911-12920 (1995).

  113. Shepard, K.L., Roukes, M.L., & Vandergaag, B.P., Direct Measurement Of The Transmission Matrix Of A Mesoscopic Conductor. Physical Review Letters 68, 2660-2663 (1992).

  114. Shepard, K.L., Roukes, M.L., & Vandergaag, B.P., Experimental-Measurement Of Scattering Coefficients In Mesoscopic Conductors. Physical Review B 46, 9648-9666 (1992).

  115. Weiss, D. et al., Electron Pinball And Commensurate Orbits In A Periodic Array Of Scatterers. Physical Review Letters 66, 2790-2793 (1991).

  116. Thornton, T.J., Roukes, M.L., Scherer, A., & Vandergaag, B.P., Microfabrication And Electron-Scattering In Very Small Devices. Institute of Physics Conference Series, 861-868 (1990).

  117. Roukes, M.L., Scherer, A., & Vandergaag, B.P., Are Transport Anomalies In Electron Wave-Guides Classical. Physical Review Letters 64, 1154-1157 (1990).

  118. Roukes, M.L. & Alerhand, O.L., Mesoscopic Junctions, Random Scattering, And Strange Repellers. Physical Review Letters 65, 1651-1654 (1990).

  119. Thornton, T.J., Roukes, M.L., Scherer, A., & Vandegaag, B.P., Boundary Scattering In Quantum Wires. Physical Review Letters 63, 2128-2131 (1989).

  120. Scherer, A. & Roukes, M.L., Quantum Device Microfabrication - Resolution Limits Of Ion-Beam Patterning. Applied Physics Letters 55, 377-379 (1989).

  121. Scherer, A., Craighead, H.G., Roukes, M.L., & Harbison, J.P., Electrical Damage Induced By Ion-Beam Etching Of GaAs. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B 6, 277-279 (1988).

  122. Roukes, M.L. et al., Transport In Ultra-Narrow Quantum Well Wires. Surface Science 196, 79-80 (1988).

  123. Cheeks, T.L. et al., Damage Studies Of Gaas-Algaas Ultra-Narrow Conducting Channels. Journal of Electronic Materials 17, S17-S17 (1988).

  124. Cheeks, T.L., Roukes, M.L., Scherer, A., & Craighead, H.G., Narrow Conducting Channels Defined By Helium Ion-Beam Damage. Applied Physics Letters 53, 1964-1966 (1988).

  125. Scherer, A. et al., Ultranarrow Conducting Channels Defined In Gaas-Algaas By Low-Energy Ion Damage. Applied Physics Letters 51, 2133-2135 (1987).

  126. Roukes, M.L. et al., Quenching Of The Hall-Effect In A One-Dimensional Wire. Physical Review Letters 59, 3011-3014 (1987).

  127. Freeman, M.R. et al., Low-Temperature Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance With A Dc Squid Amplifier. Applied Physics Letters 48, 300-302 (1986).

  128. Roukes, M.L., Freeman, M.R., Germain, R.S., Richardson, R.C., & Ketchen, M.B., Hot-Electrons And Energy-Transport In Metals At Millikelvin Temperatures. Physical Review Letters 55, 422-425 (1985).

  129. Hammel, P.C. et al., Magnetic Coupling Between He-3 And F-19 At Low-Temperatures. Physical Review Letters 51, 2124-2127 (1983).

  130. Roukes, M.L. & Wilkins, J.W., Negative Dynamic Conductance From Photon-Assisted Tunneling In Superconducting Junctions. Applied Physics Letters 41, 767-769 (1982).


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